Natural gas is transported either by pipelines or in ships as Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).
Natural gas is widely used by electricity network operators due to is flexible nature. Its ability to be stored aims in electricity generation and heating when shortages or ‘tightness’ in the system arise.
The European energy network relies on connections with other countries to supply gas, electricity and oil.
This report looks at the options of new pipeline and LNG capacity from the perspectives of gas demand and supply to energy security. It also looks at the liberalisation of the internal European gas market with the movements towards decarbonisation.